Listers, may Catholics overthrow or even kill a tyrant? The answer to this question is one St. Thomas Aquinas pondered over his lifetime. In contemplating the assassination of Julius Caesar, a young Aquinas seemed to state that not only can a Catholic kill a tyrant, there are times he should be praised for it. Later in life,...
It is true that St. Thomas Aquinas speaks of certain rights, but these rights are species of the virtue of justice. They are in absolutely no manner similar to how Hobbes, Locke, or later modernity will use the term rights.
What does it mean to be a good person? In modernity, the moral vocabulary of society has shifted from a virtue-based language to one of values. Virtues are rooted in reason and reflect a common moral standard for all men. Values are rooted in the individual and reflect an autonomous moral universe.
"I put for a general inclination of all mankind a perpetual and restless desire of power after power, that ceases only in death."
Inferno (Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy. It is followed by Purgatorio and Paradiso. It is an allegory telling of the journey of Dante through Hell, guided by the Roman poet Virgil.
"Regime means simultaneously the form of the life of a society , its style of life, its moral taste, form of society, form of state, form of government, spirit of laws."
"Classical political philosophy is guided by the question of the best regime." - Leo Strauss.
It would be difficult to overestimate the influence Aristotle's Politics has had in shaping the Christian West. Whether it be the Saints who drew from his natural wisdom, or the early modern philosophers who held him as their foil, the West has always been in dialogue with Aristotle's political thought.
Modernity has attempted - with great anthropic success - to dethrone the Divine Science as Queen of all other bodies of knowledge.